EXPEDITIONS INTO THE YALLEY OF THE AMAZONS, 1539, 1540, 1639. Экспедиции в долину Амазонки, 1539, 1540, 1639 гг.


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the missionaries, "La Gran Cocoma." They built their huts
round a beautiful lake, near the mouth of the Huallaga, where
Father Lucero established a mission. In 1681 they were still in
the habit of eating their own dead relations, and grinding their
bones, to drink in their fermented liquors. They said " that it
was better to be inside a friend, than to be swallowed up by the
black earth." In 1830 they moved from Laguna to Nauta, at the
mouth of the Ueayali. They are bolder than most of the civilized
Indians, and carry on war with the savage Mayorunas. M. Rodri-
guez; Velasco; Poeppig Reise, ii, p. 449; Ilerndon, p. 195.
COCAMILEAS. A branch of the Cocomas, settled at Laguna, on
the Huallaga. They are lazy and drunken, but capital boatmen.
M. Rodriguez ; Herndon, p. 176.
COCRUNAS. A tribe of the river Teffe. Ribeiro.
COERUNAS. A tribe of the river Japura. They are, in general,
small, strong, and dark, with nothing agreeable in their faces.
Their language, spoken through their noses, sounds disagreeable.
Spix und Martins, iii, p. 1201.
COFANES. A tribe in the forests sixty leagues east of Quito,

OF THE VALLEY OF THE AMAZONS.

159

on the head waters of the river Aguarico, near the foot of Mount
Cayam.be. They are much reduced in numbers, and have lost
their fierce character. They speak a harsh guttural language.
Velasco, iii, p. 136 ; Villavicencio, p. 173.
COHIDIAS (see Uaujies).
COHUMARES. A tribe of the Maranon, preached to between
1727 and 1768. Velasco.
COLCHAQUIES. A tribe of Tucuman, and in the southern part
of the "Gran Chacu." They resisted the invasions of the Span-
iards of Salta and Jujuy very bravely, and were not entirely sub-
dued until 1665. Lozano, p. 92; Dobrizhoffer.
COMACORIS. A branch of the Simigaes (which see). Velasco.
COMAYOS. A tribe, said by Velasco to be descended from the
Inca Indians; preached to between 1683 and 1727. Velasco.
CONAMBOS. A tribe on the head waters of the river Tigre.
Villavicencio's map.
CONEJORIS. A branch of the Simigaes (which see). Velasco.
CONOMOMAS. A tribe of the river Jutay. Acuna, p. 99; Von
Spix, iii, p. 1185.
CONIBOS or MAXOAS. A tribe of the Pampa del Sacramento,
and the banks of the Ucayali. It was first visited by missionaries,
between 1683 and 1727. In 1685 some Francisans descended the
Pachitea, and formed a mission amongst them, but the good Friars
were killed by the Cashibos Indians (which see). Father Pucter was
killed by the Conibos in 1695. At present most of them profess
Christianity, thanks to the labours of the indefatigable Fathers
Girbal and Plaza. They are quiet, tractable people.
They paint their faces in red and blue stripes, with silver rings
in their lips and noses. They are good boatmen and fishermen,
and are employed by the traders to collect salt fish, and sarsa-
parilla. Velasco ; Mercurio Peruano ; Castlenau ; Smyth, p. 235 ;
Ilerndon, p. 202-9.
They are marked on Fritz's map (1707) on the east side of the
Ucayali.

160 A LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL TRIBES

COPATASAS. A branch of the Jeberos (which see). Villavi-
cencio.
COROCOROS,—(see Uaupes)
CORONAS. A tribe of the river Teffe. Ribeiro.
v CORONADOS. A tribe of the river Pastaza. M.Rodriguez.
COTOCARIANAS, (see Carabtiyanas).
COUAS. (See Uaupes).
CUCIIIGUARAS. A tribe of the river Purus. Acuna, p. 107 ;
Spix und Mar this, iii, p. 1175.
CUCHIVARAS. A tribe of the river Coari. Southey's Brazil, iii.
CTJENUAS. A branch of the Camavos (which see). Velasco.
CUIRES. A branch of the Roamaynas (which see). Velasco.
CUIYACUS. A tribe of the river Aguarico. Villavicencio's Map.
CUIYAYOS. A tribe between the Aguarico and Putumayu.
Villavicencio's Map.
CUMARURUAYANAS (see Carabuyanus).
CUMAYARIS. A tribe of the river Purus. Acuna, p. 107; Spix
und Martins, iii, p. 1175.
CUMBASINOS. A tribe of the Santa Catalina, in the Pampa del
Sacramento. Smyth, p. 204.
CUNAS. A tribe of the Putumayu. Acuna, p. 99.
CUNJIES. A branch of the Avijiras (which see). Velasco.
CUNURIS. A tribe living at the mouth of a river, up which the
Amazons are said to live. Acuna, p. 122.
CURANAS. A tribe of the Ucayali, said to be a branch of the
Campas (which see). Velasco.
CURANARIS. A tribe of the river Madeira. Acuna, p. 117.
CURARAYES. A branch of the Zaparos (which see). Villavi-
cencio.
CURETUS. A tribe inhabiting the country between the rivers
Japura and Uaupes. They are short, but very strong, wear their
hair long, and paint their bodies. The men wear a girdle of

OF THE VALLEY OF THE AMAZONS.

1G1

woollen thread, but the women go entirely naked. Their houses
are circular, with walls of thatch, and a high conical roof. They
reside in small villages, governed by a chief; and are long lived,
and peaceable. They cultivate maize and mandioc. They have
no idea of a Supreme Being. Their language is very guttural, and
difficult to understand, as they keep their teeth close together,
when speaking. A tribe, of the same name, is met with on the
river TefFe. Ribeiro; Von Martins, iii, p. 1222; Wallace, p. 509.
CUKIATES. A tribe marked on Fritz's map (1707) between the
rivers Madeira and Tapajos.
CURIGUERES. A race of giants, on the Purus. Acuha, p. 107.
CURINAS. A tribe living south of the Omaguas. Acuna, p. 96;
Spix und Martins, iii, p. 1187.
Marked on Fritz's map- (1707) between the rivers Yavari and
Jutay.
CURIS. A tribe of the river Amazons. Acuna, p. 100.
CURIVEOS. A tribe said to have been subject to the Gran
Paytiti. M. Rodriguez.
CURUANAKIS (see Carabuyanas).
CURUCURUS. A tribe of the river Purus. Acuha, p. 107.
CURUPATABAS. A tribe of the Rio Negro. Acuha, p. 110.
CURUZIRARIS. A very populous tribe, on the south side of the
Amazons, twenty-eight leagues below the mouth of the Jurua.
Acuha, p. 101.
CUSABATAYES. A branch of the Manamabobos (which see).
Velasco.
CUSTINIABAS. A branch of Pirros (which see). Velasco.
CUTINANOS. A branch of the Jeberos. Father Cujia preached
to them in 1646. Velasco.
DESANNAS (see Uaape's).
ENCABELLADOS. A tribe of the Napo, so called by Father
Rafael Ferrer, in 1600, from their long hair. They were prea-
ched to from 1727 to 1768. Marked on Fritz's map (1707)
between the rivers Napo and Putumayu.

21

102 A LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL TRIBES

Villavicencio places them on the lower part of the Aguarico.
They are much reduced in numbers, and live chiefly on fish, and
the manatee. Acuha, p. 92-4 ; Velasco ; Villavicencio.
EREPUNACAS. A tribe of the river Madeira. Acuha, p. 117.
ENGAIBAS. A tribe of the river Pacaxa. Acuha, p. 130.
ENJEYES. A branch of the Ituculcs (which see). Velasco.
ERITEYNES. A branch of the Iquitos (which see). Velasco.
FRASCAVINAS. A branch of the Andoas (which see). Velasco.
GAES. A tribe of the Maranon, with a language similar to that
of the Jeberos. In 1707 they killed Father Durango. Placed in
Fritz's map, on the upper waters of the rivers Tigre and Pastaza.
M. Rodriguez ; Velasco.
GINORIS. A branch of the Simigaes (which see). Velasco.
GIS (see Uaupes).
GIVAROS (see Jeberos).
GUACARAS. A tribe living next to the race of Amazons, with
whom they had intercourse. Acuha, p. 122.
GUACHIS. A tribe of the " Gran Chacu". Lozano.
GUAJAYOS. A tribe of the Marafion : preached to between
1727 and 1768. Velasco.
GUALAQUIZAS. A branch of the Jeberos (which see). Villavi-
cencio.
GUAMAECAS (see Chunipies).
GUANAS. A tribe of the "Gran Chacu". Lozano.
GUANAMAS. A tribe of the Rio Negro. Acuha, p. 110.
GUANAPURIS. A tribe of the Araganatuba. Acuha, p. 105.
GUANARUS. A tribe of the river Jutay : marked on Fritz's
map (1707) between the rivers Jurua and Teffe. Acuha, p. 99.
GUANIBIS. A tribe of the Araganatuba. Acuha, p. 105.
GUAQUIARIS. A tribe of the river Purus. Acuha, p. 107.
GUARAICUS. A tribe of the Putumayu (see Uaraycus). Acuha,
p. 99.

OE THE VALLEY OF THE AMAZONS.

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GUARANACTJAZANAS. A tribe between the Rio Negro and the
Orinoco. Acuha, p. 110.
GUARANAGUACUS. A tribe of the Amazons, below the mouth
of the Madeira. Acuha, p. 117.
GUARAYOS. A tribe, on the head waters of the Mamore, and
its tributaries. This tribe, and that of the Sirionos, are believed
to be descended from Spaniards, who, in former days, went into
the forests in search of the " Gran Paytiti." They are bearded and
florid, but also have some characteristics of their Indian maternal
ancestry. The Guarayos are kind and hospitable ; the Sirionos
fierce. Dalence. "Bosquejo estadistico de Bolivia.'"
GUARIANACAGUAS. A tribe of the Rio Negro. Acuha, p. 110.
GUASITAYAS. A tribe of the Maranon, preached to between
1727 and 1768. Velasco.
GUATINUMAS. A tribe of the river Madeira. Acuha, p. 117.
GUAYABAS. A tribe on the north side of the Amazons. Acuha,
p. 100.
GUAYACARIS. A tribe of the Araganatuba. Acuha, p. 105.
GUAYAZIS. A race of dwarfs, of whom credulous Acuiia
heard, from the Tupinambas Indians. Acuha, p. 119.
GUAYCURUS. A tribe of the "Gran Chaeu"; between the
rivers Pileomayu and Yaveviri. In the wet season their country is
so marshy, and full of swamps, that they cannot walk; and in the
dry season it is so parched up, that there is great scarcity of water.
It was found almost impossible to penetrate this territory; and
the Guaycurus remained independent, and made frequent attacks
on the Spaniards in Paraguay. They go quite naked, without
shame, but the women wear a short petticoat. Lozano gives a
long and interesting account of them. Lozano, p. 59-72.
GUAZAGAS. A branch of the Andoas (which see). Velasco.
GUENCOYAS. A tribe of the Maranon, preached to between
1727 and 1768. Velasco.
GUEVAS. A tribe which was already extinct in Yelasco's time.
Velasco.

164

A LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL TRIBES

EXPEDITIONS INTO THE YALLEY OF THE AMAZONS, 1539, 1540, 1639. Экспедиции в долину Амазонки, 1539, 1540, 1639 гг.
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