War and early state formation in the northern Titicaca Basin, Peru.

by Charles Stanish, Abigail Levine
Abstract:
Excavations at the site of Taraco in the northern Titicaca Basin of southern Peru indicate a 2,600-y sequence of human occupation beginning ca. 1100 B.C.E. Previous research has identified several political centers in the region in the latter part of the first millennium B.C.E. The two largest centers were Taraco, located near the northern lake edge, and Pukara, located 50 km to the northwest in the grassland pampas. Our data reveal that a high-status residential section of Taraco was burned in the first century A.D., after which economic activity in the area dramatically declined. Coincident with this massive fire at Taraco, Pukara adopted many of the characteristics of state societies and emerged as an expanding regional polity. We conclude that organized conflict, beginning approximately 500 B.C.E., is a significant factor in the evolution of the archaic state in the northern Titicaca Basin.
Reference:
War and early state formation in the northern Titicaca Basin, Peru. (Charles Stanish, Abigail Levine), In Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2011.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Stanish2011,
  Title                    = {{War and early state formation in the northern Titicaca Basin, Peru.}},
  Author                   = {Stanish, Charles and Levine, Abigail},
  Journal                  = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  Year                     = {2011},
  Month                    = jul,
  Number                   = {25},
  Pages                    = {1--6},
  Abstract                 = {Excavations at the site of Taraco in the northern Titicaca Basin of southern Peru indicate a 2,600-y sequence of human occupation beginning ca. 1100 B.C.E. Previous research has identified several political centers in the region in the latter part of the first millennium B.C.E. The two largest centers were Taraco, located near the northern lake edge, and Pukara, located 50 km to the northwest in the grassland pampas. Our data reveal that a high-status residential section of Taraco was burned in the first century A.D., after which economic activity in the area dramatically declined. Coincident with this massive fire at Taraco, Pukara adopted many of the characteristics of state societies and emerged as an expanding regional polity. We conclude that organized conflict, beginning approximately 500 B.C.E., is a significant factor in the evolution of the archaic state in the northern Titicaca Basin.},
  Doi                      = {10.1073/pnas.1110176108},
  File                     = {:D$backslash$:/Кандидатская работа в аспирантуре/Література/Статьи/1110176108.full.pdf:pdf},
  ISSN                     = {1091-6490},
  Pmid                     = {21788514},
  Url                      = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21788514}
}

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